Piece of Mind (or Brain)

By Bill Kray

What is a Neurologist?

Get to know your doctor. Neurology is the medical study and treatment of nervous system. The complex nervous system regulates and coordinates body activities. It has two major divisions:

  1. Central nervous system: the brain and spinal cord
  2. Peripheral nervous system: all other neural elements, such as eyes, ears, skin, and other "sensory receptors"

Doctors who specialize in neurology are called a neurologists. A neurologist treats disorders that affect the brain, spinal cord, and nerves, such as:

  • Cerebrovascular disease, such as stroke
  • Demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system, such as multiple sclerosis
  • Headache disorders
  • Infections of the brain and peripheral nervous system
  • Movement disorders, such as Parkinson's disease
  • Neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease)
  • Seizure disorders, such as epilepsy
  • Spinal cord disorders
  • Speech and language disorders

In most cases, a primary physician provides a referral to a specialist when it seems appropriate. Neurologists do not perform surgery. If one of their patients requires surgery, they refer them to a neurosurgeon.

Source: http://www.urmc.rochester.edu/highland/dep...